Muslim woman can marry as per choice on attaining 15 years of age: Jharkhand HC

The Kashmir Walla needs you, urgently. Only you can do it.

The Kashmir Walla plans to extensively and honestly cover — break, report, and analyze — everything that matters to you. You can help us.

Most Read This Week

The Jharkhand High Court has held that there is a presumption under Muslim law that people attain puberty at the age of ’15 years’ and upon attaining the same, they are at liberty to marry persons of their choice without any interference from their guardians, reported Live Law.

While quashing a pending criminal proceeding against a man for marrying a 15-years-old-girl, a Single Bench of Justice Sanjay Kumar Dwivedi held,

“…it is clear that the marriage of a Muslim girl is governed by the Muslim Personal Law. As per Article 195 from the book ‘Principles of Mohammedan Law by Sir Dinshah Fardunji Mulla’, the opposite party no.2 is approximately 15 years of age was competent to enter into a contract of marriage with a person of her choice.”

The opposite party no. 3 is the father of the girl (opposite party no. 2), who under misconception had lodged an FIR alleging that his daughter is missing. Accordingly, a case under Sections 366A and 120B, IPC was initiated against the accused petitioner, as per the report.

However, subsequently, the counsel appearing for the girl submitted that marriage has been solemnized and both the families have accepted the marriage and in that view of the matter, the entire criminal proceedings may be quashed.

Similarly, counsel for the father of the girl submitted that the counter affidavit has been filed on behalf of the father, wherein, it has been disclosed that his daughter “has found a right match by the grace of Allah and there is no other perfect match than the petitioner”.

As per the report, counsel for the petitioner contended that puberty and majority are one and the same as per the Muslim law and that there is a presumption that a person attains majority at the age of 15 years. It was further contented that a Muslim boy or Muslim girl who has attained puberty is at liberty to marry anyone as per his/her choice and the guardian has no right to interfere.

The Court made a reference to Yunus Khan v. State of Haryana & Ors., 2014 (3) RCR (Criminal) 518, wherein it was held that the marriage of a Muslim girl is governed by personal law. Therein the Court had also cited Article 195 from the book ‘Principles of Mohammedan Law by Sir Dinshaw Fardunji Mulla’, which reads:

“195. Capacity for marriage – (1) Every Mahomedan of sound mind, who has attained puberty, may enter into a contract of marriage.

(2) Lunatics and minors who have not attained puberty may be validly contracted in marriage by their respective guardians.

(3) A marriage of a Mahomedan who is sound mind and has attained puberty, is void, if it is brought about without his consent.

Accordingly, the Court observed that the girl in the instant case was approximately 15 years of age and thus, was competent to enter into a contract of marriage with a person of her choice. The petitioner was stated to be more than 24 years of age at the relevant time. Therefore, it held, both the petitioner and the girl attained marriageable age as defined by Muslim Personal Law.

In view of the above facts and considering the submissions of the counsel appearing for the parties as well as the documents, the Court deemed it a fit case for quashing the pending criminal proceedings and ordered accordingly, reads the report by Live Law.

Choose a plan as per your location

Latest News

BJY: Traffic advisory issued for Srinagar-Jammu highway

In view of Bharat Jodo yatra from Banihal towards Qazigund tomorrow, no vehicular movement shall be allowed from Srinagar...

More Articles Like This