MUNNU: Kashmir’s first graphic novel


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MUNNU, the graphic novel published by 4th Estate this month, is the astonishing debut from Kashmir based illustrator Malik Sajad.  We asked Malik about the concept of the novel; where did the idea come from? Why a graphic novel? What is it about the Kashmir’s torrid conflict you wanted to explore?

I came to know about this medium around 9 years ago. There were no graphic novels in the bookstores in Kashmir. Initially, I thought it was about visual journalism because whatever graphic novels I had seen were mostly about reporting which I didn’t enjoy and wasn’t particularly good at.  As I delved deeper into this genre I found more graphic novels in which the stories and the visuals were more relaxed and focused more on communicating experience. It was wonderful for me to see the possibilities that this medium could offer in terms of storytelling.

While I wanted to capture what are essentially stories about everyday people, my stories are also about Kashmir. Most of the people I have met while travelling didn’t know about Kashmir. Even one of my classmates from China didn’t even know where it is – China is next door to Kashmir. Those I met who did know about Kashmir had a very scant understating from what they had seen in the news.


So one of my challenges was to introduce and open a wider window to Kashmir for the reader. I had to talk about its geography, geopolitics and history before talking about life and experiences. There were many footnotes as well which was alright but when you talk about history there are many layers, missing or covered up passages and interpretations, it is a lot of information to distill. Because Kashmir is still very far away from recovering from its troubled past and present, and only recently people have started writing about post colonial legacy in Kashmir in new mediums and languages, you always feel like you are the first one to delivering the story. It puts a lot of strain on the storytelling.

It was challenging in other ways too. It is hard or next to impossible to speak for everyone. But the basic universal elements of human experience such as emotions, hunger, desire, satisfaction provides room for exploring the underlying theme of every story.

Read the full on 4th Estate website here.

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