437 persons killed, 2048 tortured, 6888 forced to labour in North Kashmir’s 50 villages: CCJ Report



The Citizens’ Council for Justice (CCJ) has conducted a sample survey in fifty villages of Varmul and Kupwara districts of north Kashmir. The completion of research to prepare the report, which focuses on torture (including violence against women), forced labour, disappearance, and death, has took almost a year.


The survey was conducted by CCJ in 50 villages of Baramulla and Kupwara districts. The results show that the people of these villages were severely brutalised over a long period of time, from 1990-2011, by being repeatedly subjected to torture (including violence against women), forced labour, disappearance, and death. The means of livelihood for the people in the 50 villages were also jeopardised through land occupation and militarisation, including the militarisation of civic spaces. In these 50 villages, CCJ found that 437 people have been killed and 65 persons have disappeared. Out of the 437 people who were killed, 320 were killed by Army, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Jammu and Kashmir Police, and government sponsored militants. Militants were responsible for 84 killings and unidentified gunmen were responsible for 33 killings. In the 50 villages, and 2048 persons have been tortured in 57 army camps.

In the 50 villages surveyed by CCJ, 40 people have been killed by armed forces and police in custody; 49 people have been disabled; and 6888 persons have been subjected to forced labour. A total of 700 properties have been destroyed with damages of around 103.8 Crores Rupees; and 19 army camps have occupied 2047 Kanals of prime village lands. Out of the 234 Mosques in the 50 villages, 5 were destroyed, and of the 11 Hindu Temples, 4 were destroyed.

The people CCJ spoke with demanded the demilitarisation of their villages, and asked that the perpetrators, whomever they be, be punished under law, and that the victims be awarded righteous compensation, and urgent provisions be made for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of their lives. CCJ found that, predominantly persons of Muslim faith have been targeted, and some Kashmiri Pandits of Hindu faith and a handful of Sikhs have also been targeted. Even while the people of these villages expressed their demands for justice, it was abundantly clear to CCJ that, what has been physically, psychologically, and emotionally taken from these people, is irreparable.

Click to read the full report: Atrocity and Suffering – CCJ report

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