By News Desk
The Guinness World Records has four records on Jammu and Kashmir- a disputed region divided between India and Pakistan since 1947. The records are from the Indian side of the region. The Guinness World record calls Kashmir region as the “largest militarized territorial dispute” on the planet and also records that the region has “world’s highest battlefield, highest military base and the longest speech ever given to the United Nations was delivered on Kashmir.”
Guinness World Records is the universally recognized authority on record-breaking achievement in the world. It says, according to the CIA World Factbook, the dispute between China, India and Pakistan for the Kashmir region is the largest and the most militarized territorial dispute currently on the planet, despite the massive earthquake that devastated the area in 2005 and killed 80,000 people.
“The former Indian state has been fought over since the end of British rule of India and partition in 1947. India also refuses to recognize Pakistan’s ceding of Kashmir lands to China in 1964, and recently claimed that China transferred nuclear weapons to Pakistan. In 1989, Islamic militant groups began a fight for independence, and India has since deployed an estimated 1 million troops in the region. At any one time, up to 1 million troops confront each other across the Line of Control that separates Indian- and Pakistani- controlled Kashmir,” says the Guinness.
It also records that the region has “highest battlefield” and the “world’s highest military base”, Siachen Glacier, where since 1984 the Indian and Pakistani armies have faced each other in Kashmir, at a height of up to 6,700 m (22,000 ft), in temperatures as low as -60°C (-76°F). “At this altitude, they are higher than climbers standing at the summits of the tallest mountains in Africa, North America, Australasia, Europe, and Antarctica,” it says.
Quoting reports it says that Pakistan spends as much as $588,000 (£354,000) a month and India about $1 million (£603,355) a month maintaining troops on the glacier and almost all of the war’s 2,000 personnel casualties (between 1984-1997) have been due to the extreme weather conditions.
In its another record, the Guinness says that the longest speech ever given to the United Nations was delivered on January 1, 1957 by the Indian politician VK Krishna Menon, who talked for nearly eight hours while defending India’s position on Kashmir.